What sports are included in the summer Olympic games

BMX
This is a sport, the meaning of which is that athletes compete by performing various extreme tricks on special bicycles. There are the following disciplines:

Racing-races that differ in their entertainment. No more than 8 athletes can participate in each race. The track consists of an embankment with bends, jumps, waves and other obstacles.
Flatland-tricks are performed on a flat surface.
Vert-tricks are performed on a vertical ramp.
Dirt-participants perform extreme stunts on a special track that has quite significant hills.
Street-competitions take place on a special platform equipped for an ordinary street, with all the resulting obstacles in the form of a curb, stairs, railings, and other things.

Badminton
In this sport 5 sets of Olympic medals are awarded in the following types:

Single among men.
Men’s doubles.
Single among women.
Women’s doubles.
Mixed pair.
Basketball
During the game, 5 players from each team participate on the field. The goal of each athlete is to get the ball into the basket more times than the opponent. Both men’s and women’s teams participate in the main world Olympiad.

Boxing
Boxers took part in the games for the first time in 1902. Female athletes were able to perform for the first time only in 2012. A total of 13 Olympic awards are applied to this sport. Athletes are divided into categories by weight. Female athletes have 3 categories, while men are divided into 10.

Track Cycling
There are 10 disciplines in total:

The Australian pursuit is a type of competition where competitors must start from different places on the track at the same time. Those who are overtaken during the race are eliminated from the track. The winner is the one who was last on the bike track.
Git is an individual type of competition, the meaning of which is to overcome the track extremely quickly.
The points race is also an individual sport. The length of the track is 40 km for men and 25 km for women. Every 10 laps, the first gets 5 points, the second – 3, the third – 2, and the fourth-1. The winner is the one who scored the maximum number of points on the result of the entire distance.
A race with an unknown finish-the peculiarity of it is that athletes do not know what the distance will be. The final round is announced by the authorized person only during the competition.
Pursuit – cyclists must start from different sides of the track. The goal of the competition is to show the shortest time or overtake the opponent.
Keirin is a race in which athletes are required to travel a certain distance at a given speed. And then just speed up and complete the final sprint.
Madison — a group race of two or three athletes per team.
Omnimum — one discipline that immediately includes 6 other disciplines of track Cycling.
The scratch race is 15 km long for men and 10 km long for women. If an athlete is one lap behind the others, they are eliminated from the race. The winner is the one who came to the finish line as the leader or overtook all competitors for a lap.
A sprint is a short race. The competition takes place in just a few laps.

The organizing Committee of the Tokyo Olympics did not rule out canceling the Games in 2021

According to the Chairman of the organizing Committee of the summer Olympic games in Tokyo, Yoshiro Mori, it is possible that the Games will not take place in 2021, if the coronavirus pandemic makes it impossible to hold competitions with spectators in the stands. Recall that the Olympics were originally scheduled for the period from July 24 to August 9, 2020, but due to the coronavirus pandemic, it was postponed to the summer of 2021.

“If it happens that only this [holding Games without spectators] is possible, then we will have to think. In this case, there may be a question of cancellation,” NHK quoted Mori as saying.

It is reported that 66% of Japanese residents polled believe that the Olympics should be postponed (35%) or canceled altogether (31%), and only 26% are in favor of holding the Games at the appointed time: from July 23, 2021.

A third of Japanese believe that the Tokyo Olympics should be canceled

Only 23.9 % of Japanese residents are in favor of hosting the Olympic and Paralympic games in Tokyo, scheduled for next summer. This is evidenced by the Kyodo News poll. The games were postponed for a year due to the coronavirus pandemic.

36.4 % of respondents believe that the Olympics should be moved again — in their opinion, and in a year the situation with coronavirus will not stabilize enough to hold such a large-scale event.

33.7 % of respondents to the national survey believe that the Games should be canceled altogether. Among the reasons cited are the growth of government spending on the Olympics and the position of citizens to counteract the coronavirus. In their opinion, the government should give priority to the fight against the virus, and not any entertainment events.

In General, more than half of Japanese people are dissatisfied with the government’s actions aimed at fighting COVID-19.

Recall that it was planned that the summer Olympics in Tokyo will be held from July 24 to August 9, 2020, but according to the decision approved by the International Olympic Committee, it was postponed to the same dates in 2021.

Thomas Bach: “The IOC has already distributed 100 million dollars out of 800 in accordance with the program to support the Olympic movement»

The head of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), Thomas Bach, spoke about the distribution of funds allocated to support sports in connection with the coronavirus pandemic.

“The IOC has already distributed $ 100 million in accordance with the program to support the Olympic movement. This is part of the $ 800 million support package that was approved.

43 million were transferred to international federations, the rest to national Olympic committees, ” Bach said.

Thomas Bach: “Boycotts in sports give nothing but pain to athletes and the population of the boycotting country»

The head of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), Thomas Bach, spoke about the attitude to the boycott of the 1980 summer Olympics in Moscow.

– You represented German athletes at the open debate about the boycott of the Olympics in Moscow, what are your memories of this?

– It was a very heated debate, especially among athletes. At the first meeting, I was elected head of the athletes ‘ Committee and immediately asked to accept my resignation if the majority of athletes were in favor of a boycott. In the end, we came out with a United front – most of the athletes spoke in favor of a trip to Moscow. But in society, this was sometimes not so clearly perceived. We thought we were fighting for the right course, but sometimes I heard accusations that I was a Communist, that I was responsible for the fate of all people in the socialist bloc, and so on.

At the second meeting, where high-ranking West German military personnel were invited, we were shown a map with tanks, pipelines and other things, told the scenarios (of the conflict) and concluded all this with the words: “If you want to risk unleashing World war III, then a trip to Moscow is a good idea,” he added: “For a very long time, no Western athlete or official will set foot on Moscow soil.” But two months later, the first of them were already there (under the IOC flag).

– After 40 years, do you think that the boycott achieved any goals?

– He achieved nothing at all. And this was recognized by all the main figures of that time in Germany, who admitted to me a couple of months later that they made a mistake when they were under pressure from Chancellor Helmut Schmidt, who was in favor of a boycott. But even he, in 2008, admitted this mistake.

Look at the facts: the Soviet army, whose invasion of Afghanistan was the cause of the boycott, remained there for more than nine years. Athletes from many countries were victims not only of the boycott in 1980, but also of the counter-boycott in 1984, which was a revenge (social camp). Two generations of athletes were deprived of the Olympic dream, it turned out that they had been preparing for… nothing for years.

Anyone who thinks about boycotts should learn from this historical example – boycotts in sports do nothing but hurt the athletes and the population of the (boycotting) country, which is deprived of the opportunity to share pride and success with their Olympic team. The boycott goes against the whole spirit of the Olympic movement, all the values that we have and fight for in sport, ” Bach said.

British gymnasts have complained of physical abuse by their coaches

Members of the great Britain gymnastics team have told of abuse by coaches. This is reported by ITV.
“Mental and physical abuse was completely the norm. We were taught to be afraid of the coach, and this was the only way to train. I will never know if it was possible to reach my level if I wasn’t beaten,” Catherine Lyons complained.
According to her, many athletes trained under painkillers.
Lisa Mason remembered how her coach had made her work on the uneven bars until her hands were bleeding. She also told how the trainer put her in front of everyone in her underwear in order for everyone to appreciate her extra weight.
“It was something normal. We didn’t even realize that it was an abuse,” the athlete summed up.
Lyons is the 2014 European Junior champion and the 2013 youth Olympic silver medalist. Mason is a participant in the 2000 Olympics and a champion of The 1998 British Commonwealth Games.

China will cancel almost all international competitions by the end of 2020

The main state administration for physical education and sports of China announced the cancellation of international sports competitions in 2020 due to measures to combat the spread of coronavirus.
The exception will be the test events of the 2022 Olympic games and other important starts, according to Agence France-Presse.
The international Olympic Committee (IOC) and the organizing Committee of the Games at the end of March announced the postponement of the Olympics, which were to be held in the summer in Tokyo, from 2020 to 2021 due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Earlier, the Chairman of the Tokyo 2020 organizing Committee, Yoshiro Mori, said that the summer Olympic games could be canceled if the pandemic could not be brought under control by next year.

Gymnast Dina Averina won gold in the exercises with a Hoop

Russian gymnast Dina Averina won an online tournament on rhythmic gymnastics in exercises with a Hoop. Competitions are held in Moscow At the Palace of rhythmic gymnastics of Irina Viner-Usmanova.
Gymnasts from Israel, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Russia take part in the tournament. The teams of Israel and Uzbekistan (the second — in group exercises) perform at their home arenas, their performances are broadcast live. Athletes from Uzbekistan (individual championship), Kyrgyzstan and Russia are competing for medals in the capital. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the competition is held without an audience.
Dina Averina was the first in the Hoop exercises with a score of 25.15 points. Her sister Arina Averina took second place (23.90), and the bronze medal was taken by the representative of Uzbekistan Ekaterina Fetisova (21.20).

More than 50% of Tokyo residents were in favor of rescheduling or canceling the OI

Kyodo news Agency and Tokyo MX TV channel conducted a public opinion poll on the 2021 Summer Olympic games.

According to the results of the survey, 27.7% of respondents supported the complete cancellation of the Olympics,and 24% believe that the Games should be rescheduled. At the same time, 46.3% of respondents were in favor of holding the Olympics on schedule, 31.1% of whom believe that the Games should be held in a reduced format.

The games in Tokyo were postponed for a year due to the coronavirus pandemic and are now scheduled to run from July 23 to August 8, 2021.

Earlier it was reported that the organizing Committee of the Tokyo Olympics did not rule out another postponement of the Games.

Greco-Roman wrestling can be excluded from the program of the summer OI-2024

Namig Aliyev, a member of the Executive Committee of the United world of wrestling (UWW), said that Greco-Roman wrestling may be excluded from the program of the 2024 Olympic games in Paris.

“Recently, Greco-Roman wrestling has lost some popularity, despite the fact that UWW seeks to maintain the audience’s interest by making changes to the rules. In 2022, the youth Olympics will be held in Dakar, where beach wrestling will take place instead of the Greco-Roman one. Based on the discussions at the meeting of THE uww Executive Committee, I can say that, most likely, Greco-Roman wrestling will not be included in the program of the 2024 Olympics, ” Aliyev is quoted as saying Awf.az.

Greco-Roman wrestling is one of the original Olympic sports that were on the program of the ancient Games.

Earlier it was reported that 60 years ago, German Hari was the first in history to run 100 meters in ten seconds.

Haruyuki Takahashi, a member of the organizing Committee for the Tokyo summer Olympics, did not rule out that the Games could be postponed again due to the coronavirus pandemic.

“First of all, we strive to hold the Games in the summer of 2021. The cancellation of the Games must be avoided, as it will cause a huge blow to the economy of Japan and the world, ” Nikkan Sport quotes Takahashi as saying.

He noted that the organizing Committee needs to work out an option in case the Games are still under threat due to the pandemic situation.

“It will be necessary to work out the issue of another delay,” the official added.

Earlier it was reported that the candidate for Governor of Tokyo promised to cancel the OI in case of victory.

The 2024 Olympics will feature breakdancing and surfing in Tahiti. Will weightlifting be kicked out?

There will be fewer Olympians
IOC chief Thomas Bach said that starting from Paris-2024, the number of athletes will be limited to 10,500 people. In Rio 2016, for comparison, there were 12,5 thousand. It turns out that the number of quotas will be reduced and it will become even more difficult to get to the main sports event.

At the same time, almost all federations are aimed at increasing the number of disciplines. This will not affect the quantitative quota in any way — all the same athletes will compete for new medals. The most popular option is the introduction of mixed disciplines. If earlier mixed teams at the Olympics were only in tennis, now even in athletics, swimming, diving, ping-pong and badminton.

Tahiti will host the Olympic games
The IOC now faces a difficult choice. On the one hand, 40 hidden positive doping tests during the presidency of Tamash Ayan are a significant reason to think about the image of weightlifting, on the other hand, the barbell is one of the main types of the Olympic program. Her complete exclusion will surely lead to a big scandal. Especially with the refreshment of the program in the IOC is not all right yet. Think of the same Golf at the Rio Olympics that all the stars just ignored.

Skateboarding or surfing, which for most people involved in them is just a fan and lifestyle, are also not obvious stories. It is significant that back in 2015, skateboarders wrote a petition with the slogan “No skateboarding at the Olympic games“, because “it will change its identity and freedom”. Many wave-breakers think the same way. And if the stars score again for the Olympic games — it will be a rehearsal blow for the IOC.

Breakdancing is still the same attempt to hook young people. Hopeless or not, time will tell. But right now, even the phrase “Olympic champion in breaking” makes many people smile. In this sense, weightlifting is much more status-oriented. Another thing is that now not so many people believe in its purity.

The 2024 Olympics will feature breakdancing and surfing in Tahiti. Will weightlifting be kicked out?

The program of The games in Paris is becoming clearer and clearer. And not everyone will like it
The international Olympic Committee (IOC) held a meeting of the Executive Committee. As it is now usual — in online mode. The topics covered were very different. Of course, we talked about racism. Where now without it.

We discussed new candidates for the IOC . Among them, by the way, is the well-known Sebastian CoE. Who, as Vice-President of the International athletics Federation (WA), miraculously turned out to be almost the only one who did not know about the monstrous doping and corruption schemes in the Federation. It happens, doesn’t it? White crow among the hyenas. Now he will almost certainly be not only the President of WA, but also a member of the world’s main sports organization.

But the most interesting of the results of the Executive Committee — changes in the program of the Olympic games.

There will be fewer Olympians
IOC chief Thomas Bach said that starting from Paris-2024, the number of athletes will be limited to 10,500 people. In Rio 2016, for comparison, there were 12,5 thousand. It turns out that the number of quotas will be reduced and it will become even more difficult to get to the main sports event.

At the same time, almost all federations are aimed at increasing the number of disciplines. This will not affect the quantitative quota in any way — all the same athletes will compete for new medals. The most popular option is the introduction of mixed disciplines. If earlier mixed teams at the Olympics were only in tennis, now even in athletics, swimming, diving, ping-pong and badminton.

And this is only a summer program. In principle, team competitions can be held in any individual sport. It is more difficult to play games, but it is impossible for women to physically compete with men, such is the nature. But the trend is now such that we can come to this at some point.

As for the immediate future-the Olympic games in Paris, the IOC still supports the inclusion of skateboarding, rock climbing, surfing and breakdancing in the program. The issue is almost resolved, and everything will be officially announced at the next meeting of the Executive Committee — in December.

At the same time, once again the question mark is put in front of weightlifting. The reason for this is a recent report on this sport by another of our good friends, Richard McLaren. According to Bach, the scale of the violations shocked him.

Tahiti will host the Olympic games
The IOC now faces a difficult choice. On the one hand, 40 hidden positive doping tests during the presidency of Tamash Ayan are a good reason to think about the image of weightlifting, on the other hand, the barbell is one of the main types of the Olympic program. Her complete exclusion will surely lead to a big scandal. Especially with the refreshment of the program in the IOC is not all right yet. Think of the same Golf at the Rio Olympics that all the stars just ignored.

Skateboarding or surfing, which for most people involved in them is just a fan and lifestyle, are also not obvious stories. It is significant that back in 2015, skateboarders wrote a petition with the slogan “No skateboarding at the Olympic games”, because “it will change its identity and freedom”. Many wave-breakers think the same way. And if the stars score again at the Olympic games — it will be a reputational blow for the IOC.

Breakdancing is still the same attempt to hook young people. Hopeless or not, time will tell. But right now, even the phrase “Olympic champion in breaking” makes many people smile. In this sense, weightlifting is much more status-oriented. Another thing is that now not so many people believe in its purity.

Summer sports of the Olympic games

Summer Olympic sports include four times as many disciplines as winter sports. This makes them more large-scale and spectacular. Athletes come from all continents to demonstrate their abilities and set new world records.

In order to get an honorary and prestigious right to host a sports competition, all candidates undergo a strict, step-by-step selection process. The country that had the honor to host the Olympics is thoroughly preparing for such an event: new stadiums, hotels, and airports are being built. It takes seven years.

The sports that are included in the Olympic games program are at the highest prestigious level. In order to get such recognition, the sports field must be spread across all continents and have its own Federation. And the International Olympic Committee has a rule:

Academic rowing

It is a water sport that entered the first Olympics in 1896, immediately after the Olympic movement objected. However, for a long time it was considered exclusively male. Women were only able to participate for the first time in 1976.
The peculiarity of academic rowing is that athletes in their boats move along the water surface with their backs. The teams are different: one, two, four and eight people. Extreme competitions in 2016 brought together 550 athletes.
The first mention of rowing as a sport dates back to the XXV century BC.

Badminton

c2po by historical standards, the sport is quite new. In the middle of the XIX century, the British military brought it from India. At first, a fun game was played without a net, just throwing a shuttlecock with rackets. Then we decided to divide the field with a grid, and improved the rules.
Already in 1934, the world badminton Federation was established. Quite large competitions have started to be held.
I entered the program of the Olympiad in 1992. Before that, it remained a demonstrative view. Currently, competitions include singles, doubles, and mixed doubles.

Basketball
This game has received tremendous development in the United States, but did not have its own Federation, and therefore could not participate in the Olympics. Basketball players from the United States conducted a demonstration of the game.
Since 1932, basketball was included in the program of the Olympics, where the palm of the championship was immediately picked up by athletes from the United States. This country is always in the lead, and only sometimes concedes the first place in international competitions. Women only joined the Olympics in 1976, and are also permanent leaders.
The rules of the game are periodically changed, the last made in 2004. At the same time, there are ten people on the site, five from each team. Everyone is trying to throw the ball into the opponents ‘ basket.

Baseball

For a long time, since 1904, baseball players have shown their level and skills in demonstration performances. There really was something to show them. Quite complex rules, an interesting platform consisting of numerous zones, professionals from different continents.
But the year 1992 came, and the athletes were included in the official competitions and received their first medals. But something went wrong: in 2005, it was decided to remove baseball from the list of Olympic disciplines. However, in 2016 they returned it back.

“Coughed up blood”: the athlete told about the symptoms of COVID-19

Italian track and field athlete Edoardo Melloni became one of the victims of the global coronavirus pandemic and revealed frightening details of how the disease manifests and develops. These include little-known symptoms, coughing up blood, and loss of smell. Melloni also said that experimental therapy is used to treat coronavirus in Italy.

After the coronavirus outbreak in China in December last year, COVID-19 rapidly relocated to Europe, where now the epidemic, despite drastic security measures, is most affected by the Western part of the continent — Italy, Spain, Germany, France and other countries. At the moment, only in Italy, more than 41 thousand cases of infection have been recorded, and the country has surpassed China in the number of deaths — 3.4 thousand patients died in the Apennines as a result of the disease.

The pandemic also affected the Italian sports world. The first infected became known at the end of February — they were three players of the football club “Pyanze”, which plays in Serie C, the third most important division of the country. Later, the virus was found in two players of Juventus Turin-defender Daniele Rugani (Cristiano Ronaldo’s neighbor in the dressing room) and midfielder Blaise Matuidi. But the largest number of infected people turned out to be in “Sampdoria”, where 15 cases have already been recorded.

Now in Italy, all sports and entertainment events have been canceled,and there is a strict quarantine.

One of the Italians who picked up COVID-19 was track and field athlete Edoardo Melloni. He, unlike most infected athletes, who have the disease is asymptomatic, everything was difficult for him. The athlete told about the circumstances of his hospitalization and the first signs of the disease, admitting that he did not fully comply with the quarantine, and the infection, according to his assumptions, occurred in the metro.

“I isolated myself long before quarantine became mandatory for some regions. I worked at home and went early in the morning to train at Parco Nord (a large Park on the territory of Milan. — “Газета.Ru”). One day I had to go to work, and to return, I took the subway. I believe that I was infected there, because the signs appeared three days later, ” AIPS Media quotes the runner as saying.

According to Melloni, the symptoms of coronavirus are subjective and each person manifests differently — they became more and more intense in him. Among the most unusual is the effect of the disease on the smell and taste receptors.

“It all started with a banal fever, a temperature of 37.5 and a small cough. Over time, a strong and dry cough began to continuously last for five to ten minutes. During one of these cases, I found myself coughing up blood. Another symptom that should not be underestimated is a complete or partial loss of the senses of taste and smell, which can occur in people who have no other signs of infection.

As far as I understand, the loss of taste can be complete. Until now, some people can’t distinguish between a piece of chocolate, boiled carrots or pasta with sauce, ” the athlete explained.

The loss of taste and smell as little-known symptoms of COVID-19 was also described by Hendrik Strick from the Institute of Virology in Bonn. The expert clarified that about two-thirds of the respondents indicated them. According to other studies conducted by Chinese scientists, usually patients infected with coronavirus show only minor signs of the disease.

Despite the growing number of patients in the Old World, there have also been significantly increased cases of recovery — in Italy, there are almost 4.5 thousand.

Melloni in his interview also touched on the topic of treatment, saying that most hospitals use experimental therapy, which is widespread in Wuhan, where the coronavirus was first detected. However, this method of treatment involves some consequences.

“This is a combination of medications used to treat arthritis and HIV-infected patients. Medications are hydroxychloroquine and lopinavir or ritonavir. Among the side effects they report is dysentery that occurred on the first day. From the second day you feel much better.

Now I am fine and do not feel any additional effects on my body. Fortunately, I got to the hospital in time and I hope that I will leave its walls soon, ” the athlete shared.

According to official statistics, the number of people infected with the coronavirus increased to 240 thousand worldwide on March 20, more than 9 thousand patients died, while 85 thousand recovered. To date, COVID-19 has infected at least 112 people in one way or another related to sports. Most of all-Italians and Spaniards. 4 people died.

The IOC President explained why the Olympics cannot be postponed again

International Olympic Committee President Thomas Bach said he understood why the summer Olympics in Tokyo would have to be canceled if it could not be held in 2021.

Recall that the Olympics were originally supposed to be held in the summer of 2020, but due to the coronavirus pandemic, it was postponed to the summer of 2021. The OI organizing Committee has already said that the Games will have to be canceled if the event cannot be held in 2021.

“Frankly, I understand this, because you can’t always hire 3-5 thousand people to the organizing Committee. You can’t change the entire sports calendar every year in all the major federations around the world. Athletes can’t have uncertainty. I understand this approach of our Japanese partners.

You need to be prepared for various scenarios that may be required to organize Games. This applies to health measures. It may require a quarantine for athletes, for some athletes, for other participants in the Games, ” the BBC quoted Bach as saying.

Thomas Bach: it’s too early to talk about limiting the number of spectators in the stands of the Olympics

The head of the International Olympic Committee, Thomas Bach, said that it is too early to talk about restrictions on the number of spectators at the Olympic games in Tokyo.

“It is important to hold The games in Tokyo in a safe environment, and who recommendations play an important role. Whether we reduce the number of viewers will depend on how things will look in a year’s time. It is too early to say that we will limit the number of spectators at the games in Tokyo, “R-Sport quotes Bach as saying.

The Olympic games in Tokyo were supposed to be held in August 2020, but due to the coronavirus pandemic, they were postponed to 2021 and should be held from July 23 to August 8, 2021. This is the first in recent history of the Game that will not pass in due time.